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Now that you have decided to become a Legionary and have been accepted into the ranks of the Legio X, you are expected to acquire your full Legionary uniform and equipment within a year's time. The following list is a suggested order of priority for obtaining your required items.

CALIGAE - (Military Sandals) This is a Roman military pattern with soles one - half to three - quarters inch thick and hobnailed.

BALTEUS - (Military Belt) This is a Roman style army belt with a decorative groin-guard (sporran).

GLADIUS - A military sword and scabbard, either in a plain design, Mainz, or Pompeii pattern.

GALEA - A Roman army helmet with a wide range of acceptable patterns.

SCUTUM - A rectangular, straight sided shield, generally 37' to 42" in length, and 24" to 33" wide. It is curved to a radius of approximately 18" to 24". Check with your Centurio for acceptable Legio designs.

PILUM (Military javelin) - Try to acquire two, and if possible, have one a light version and one a heavy.

LORICA - (Body Armor) Use the Corbridge A or B pattern with the proper brass fittings for rank and file. Chain mail (lorica hamata) or scale (lorica squamata) are reserved for the Imperator, Centurio, Aquilifer, Signifer, or the Cornicen.

Additional optional items are:

FOCALE (Scarf), PUGIO (Dagger), SAGUM or PAENULA (Cloak), SUBARMALIS (protective undergarment), a Shield Cover, Pack, Satchel, Net Bag, Personal effects, such as a razor, shaving kit, comb, brush, metal mirror, small towel, soap, sewing kit, etc. UDONES (Socks), BRACCAE (Trousers), PILEUS (a wool or felt cap).


The key to the Roman military success in creating the Imperial Empire was DISCIPLINE. The Romans fought together in close order formations. It made the Legionary an almost unbeatable foe in a given pitched battle fought on open ground

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